Why Pilates exercises for Active Ageing
Pilates for active ageing can help you achieve mobility tasks you may have lost or that are becoming more difficult to execute. Ageing can be a positive experience and living a longer life accompanied by continuing opportunities for health, participation and security should be our goal. As one grows older, maintaining autonomy and independence should be a key goal for quality of life enjoinment.
What is Active Ageing
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), active ageing is “the process of optimising opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age. The concept of active “refers to continuing participation in social, economic, cultural, spiritual and civic affairs, not just the ability to be physically active or to participate in the labour force”. Active also refers to retired individuals, those who are ill or with disabilities, who actively contribute to their communities, families, peers and their nations.
It’s never too late to start moving
Regardless of age, physical activity has various health benefits. Maintaining of joint mobility and preserving muscle mass can help people remain independent and active as they age and greatly improve the individual’s physical health status. Physical activity also enhances mental well-being.
The aim of moving and engaging in physical activity is to extend healthy life expectancy and quality of life for all people as they age, including those who are frail, disabled and in need of care.
What is Pilates for active ageing
Pilates is a form of exercise pioneered by the late Joseph Pilates that aims to strengthen your entire body evenly and mobilising the joints of the spine and periphery while paying particular emphasis on core strength. Also, Pilates exercise is low impact and therefore easy on joints and appropriate for all levels, ages and abilities, particularly for older adults.
Contemporary Pilates based on modern principles of exercise science and rehabilitation
Contemporary Pilates exercises, like STOTT PILATES® exercises incorporate modern exercise principles, proven and accepted practices in biomechanics, rehabilitation and athletic performance enhancement. Moreover, contemporary Pilates exercises are designed to restore the natural curves of the spine and re balance the muscles around the joints.
Therefore, the gains in mobility and strength from STOTT PILATES® can help older adults improve their autonomy. This means, improvements in their ability to perform functions related to daily living. For example, gardening, playing golf, or simple tasks such as being able to put shoes on, getting in and out of a car, turning around better, reaching overhead, etc. In other words, “the capacity of living independently in the community with no and/or little help from others”
At home exercises
Disclaimer: Do not perform any of the following exercises if pain is present or suffer from any conditions that contraindicate these movements. Seek medical advice before starting any exercise modality.
Can be done seated on a chair or standing.
How: Seated, open arms as wide as possible. Rotate as far as possible maintaining torso upright and pulse three times. Repeat on second side.
Why: Spine twist is a great spinal mobiliser, especially for the upper and middle back (thoracic), improving posture and mobility in the active ageing population. Moreover, this exercise strengthens the small postural muscles of the spine and abdominals (erector spinae, rotators, and abdominal obliques) improving posture and helping with back pain.
One Leg Circle
Can be done with both legs bent, bottom leg straight, or top leg straight, depending on person’s ability
How: Lying down, knees together one leg in the air with thigh perpendicular to ground. Lumbar spine and pelvis neutral. Circle the top leg as wide as the hips and spine do not move at all.
Why: Improves hip mobility, pelvic and spinal stability by recruiting abdominal muscles (obliques, multifidus)
How: Side Lying, pillow under head. Head, shoulders, ribs, hips stacked up in a long line. Spine and pelvis neutral. Legs bent 90 degrees like sitting on a chair tipped onto the side.
Lift top in line with hip and reach it back in line with pelvis maintaining height of leg. Bring it back to starting position.
Maintain leg height and stabilise pelvis and spine, avoiding rolling back and forwards. Imagine torso and hips are inside of two sheets of glass as leg moves back and forth.
Why: Improves balance and gait in the active ageing populations with the aim to prevent falls. A great hip abductor strengthening exercise. This exercise mimics walking and strengthens the muscles of the hips (gluteus) that prevent lateral collapse during gait ( as in Trendelenburg gait).
Side bend on floor
This exercise may not be appropriate for people with limited mobility and can be done simply seated on a chair. Also, it can be done with forearm on top of a box when wrists cannot tolerate load.
How: Side seated, legs in a diamond shape, feet in line with hips, hand on floor. Lift pelvis forward onto shin and knee and side bend. Return to floor.
Why: Great to load side of body, and mobilise spine into lateral flexion. Lateral flexion is the first movement to decrease with ageing, so active ageing adults should include this plane of movement non their training.
Pilates Press up/Plank
Can omit bending elbows and simply holding a plank to prepare for full press up.
How: Kneeling hands on floor, hips extended or flexed, depending on strength (easier with hips flexed). Bend elbows, extend elbows, 10 repetitions.
Why: A fantastic way to load the torso and abdominal musculature and build up upper body strength with own body weight in the active ageing populations.
On the Reformer
Back Rowing Preps – Plow
Seated on a box is easier for people with restricted hip mobility. Using the Merrithew® V2Max reformer allows you to move the pulleys to a higher position which makes it easier to recruit lower midback musculature (thoracic spine) and makes it easier on shoulders.
Why: Improves posture by working the muscles of the back (erector spinae), strengthens abdominals that stabilise torso, strengthens back of arms and shoulders (triceps, posterior deltoids).
Front Rowing – Offering
Seated on a box is easier for people with restricted hip mobility. Using the Merrithew® V2Max allows you to move the pulleys to a higher position which can assist those with rotator cuff issues.
Why: Improves posture and stretches the front of the chest, (pectoralis and anterior shoulders). A great shoulder mobiliser and strengthener for active ageing adults.
On the Cadillac
At home it could be done holding onto a door frame or gate standing with feet against gate.
How: Hands on rails as wide as shoulders. Pull up and bring shoulders back (scapular retraction) and extend upper back. Return
Why? Strengthens back musculature, hip extensors (gluteus, hamstrings) and improves upper back movement when adding extension.
Research: World Health Organisation ACTIVE AGEING: A POLICY FRAMEWORK
Pilates instructors are sought after in fitness, rehab, wellness, hospitality and more
- Enhance your knowledge and expertise
- Learn new skills that will improve your health, wellness and client base
- Benefit from mindful movement and teach others
- Pilates training is suited for fitness enthusiasts and professionals of all levels and backgrounds
- STOTT PILATES® – Scientifically based Pilates curriculum
Do you dream of changing careers and teaching Pilates? If you are you a fitness instructor or an avid Pilates aficionado the growth opportunities are endless by becoming a Pilates instructor. Pilates instructors are well sought after in the fitness industry. Moreover, Pilates instructors are able to teach remotely quite easily, without the need of any gym equipment; a very desirable tool nowadays.
Many schools teach Pilates, but not all education curriculums are created equal. There are quickie Pilates certification programmes that are taught over a weekend, but leave students unable to compete with better educated instructors.
Look for comprehensive teacher training programmes
Search for the best programme to fit your needs. But if you ever thought of becoming a Pilates instructor comprehensive programmes, like the STOTT PILATES® courses, are based in scientific evidence and in line with the highest fitness standards. Such programmes will set you up for years to come with the best knowledge required to teach people of all ages, abilities and even difficult rehab clients. In fact, comprehensive programmes update you every year with new knowledge in order to continue your education and stay abreast of the new scientific developments.
When I was looking to become a Pilates instructor I looked at various schools and certification programmes. At the time, STOTT PILATES® seemed expensive, but I soon realised why it was worth every penny spent. No other programme seemed to have the quality of information that STOTT PILATES® was offering. Moreover, its anatomically based method was in line with any sports specialist, physiotherapist approaches to exercise rehabilitation. That meant that I was not only learning choreography, but rather a wealth of scientific knowledge. Scientific knowledge is definitely required to work alongside any fitness professional facility or alongside any licensed health care professional. As a result, I worked at a physio clinic soon after my certification and I was able to deliver results.
Where to train
Core Windsor is a licensed Merrithew Host Centre for education and offers STOTT PILATES® courses year-round. The studio boasts brand new reformers and equipment and is conveniently located an easy 5 minute walk from Windsor Central train station. There are a variety of shops and restaurants in the area available for lunchtime during course training. Also, the studio is always free for students during courses to use free of charge for self-practice. We offer pre and post course support and mentoring for all students and substantial discounts on group classes and personal training sessions for students in preparation for their course exams.
Book your Pilates course now, and become the best Pilates teacher in your area.
New Intensive Reformer Course starts 30 September, 2022